Warning: This resource may contain references to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who may have passed away.
Teacher notes for co-operative quiz cards
Designed by Harold Thomas
Black: represents the Aboriginal people of Australia
Red: represents the earth, the red ochre and a spiritual relationship with the land
Yellow: represents the sun, the giver of life and protector
Torres Strait Islands flag
Designed by Bernard Namok
Green: represents the land
Blue: represents the sea
White: represents peace
Black: represents Indigenous peoples
(Flag information from the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies website.)
Gurindji may refer to:
- Gurindji people: the Australian Aboriginal people in the Kalkaringi (Wave Hill) region of the Northern Territory
- Gurindji language: the traditional Australian Aboriginal language of the Gurindji people
- Gurindji Kriol: the main language now spoken by many Gurindji people.
The Gurindji strike began in 1966 when all Gurindji workers walked off Wave Hill cattle station, an early move for Indigenous land rights and equal pay and conditions in Australia.
(Find information from the ABC archives.)
Full citizenship rights
Full citizenship rights were gained in the 1970s. Many people incorrectly believe that the 1967 referendum was about gaining the right to vote for Aboriginal people. Read the Discovering Democracy discussion paper ‘Aboriginal struggle for citizenship’ by Kate Cameron.
Photograph of Vincent Lingiari and Gough Whitlam
Iconic photograph of Vincent Lingiari, an Elder of the Gurindji people, and Gough Whitlam, Prime Minister of Australia, taken by Mervyn Bishop on 26 August 1975 at the handing over of leasehold title to land at Daguragu (Wattie Creek). In pouring the handful of sand into the hand of Vincent Lingiari, Gough Whitlam was making a gesture reversing the event in 1835 when a handful of sand was poured by a member of the Wurundjeri-willam people through John Batman’s hand in what is now Melbourne.
Australian Aboriginal peoples have not shared the same rights
Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have not shared the same rights as ‘white Australians’ in the past. It is important to be aware of the diversity of opinions that students may state. This provides an opportunity to talk about sources of information, evidence and reliability.
This timeline provides some information about the history of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rights in Australia.