Sample information reports on the Moon
The Moon is the Earth’s only natural satellite and is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. The Moon has been known by many names including Luna by the ancient Romans and Selene by the ancient Greeks.
Scientists believe the Moon was formed approximately 4.5 million years ago, after the Earth collided with a large object.
The Moon’s diameter is 3474 km and its circumference is 10,921 km. This means it is a quarter of the size of Earth. The Moon is approximately 384,400 km from Earth and it travels at 3683 km per hour. Its journey around the Earth takes 27.3 days.
The Moon does not produce light but is illuminated because it reflects light from the Sun. The part of the Moon facing the Sun is always lit up and the part facing away is in darkness.
The phases of the Moon are new, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full, waning gibbous, last quarter and waning crescent.
The surface of the Moon is like a rocky desert. The Moon has no weather such as wind or rain. The geographical features of the Moon include mountains, valleys, lava fields and craters.
The Moon is in the sky at night. Sometimes you can see it in the day. I have seen it in the sky in the daytime.
The Moon is a silver colour and is very big but not as big as the Sun. The Sun is yellow or orange. You should never look right at the Sun but it is okay to look at the Moon. The Moon might be made of cheese. If it was made of cheese it might smell funny.
The Moon is very old and has been around for a long time. It has marks on it that look like a rabbit or a man in the moon.
The Moon goes around the Earth once every month. When it goes around it is very big to start with but later on it gets smaller. Sometimes it is big like a ball and sometimes it is thin like a banana.
When the Moon is full you can see a lot of things at night but when the Moon is small it is quite dark.
I like the Moon because, when it is big, it is pretty and I can see the man in the moon.
Humans have visited the Moon. In 1969 Apollo 11 landed on the Moon.
It is the brightest thing in the sky at night.
Scientists believe that the Moon was formed a long time ago, after the Earth crashed into a large object.
The Moon is smaller than the Earth. The Moon is more than 300,000 km from the Earth and goes around it at about 3683 km per hour. There are eight phases of the Moon including the full moon and the new moon.
The part of the Moon facing the Sun is bright and the other side is dark.
The Moon does not have a light of its own.