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An elaborate pattern on a beach created by sand, shells and holes.

Above: Patterns on sand, photo by Jennifer Asha

About this unit:

‘Patterns’ is a unit of work that examines patterns in literature and language, with suggestions for follow-up activities investigating patterns in mathematics and creative arts. In this unit students will read and view a variety of multimodal texts, including print-based texts, an online video and artworks. More

Duration and sequence pathways:

This unit of work is designed to be taught from Sequence 1 to Sequence 12 in order. The unit of work uses rich children’s literature as its foundation and has been designed to explore and investigate patterns in literature and language. More information

Resources used:

See a list of resources used in each sequence, plus additional teaching resources.

Unit writer:

Jennifer Asha

Australian Curriculum: English Year Foundation

Sequence 1: Patterns in words and letters: Capital letters

Sequence 2: Patterns in illustrations: Informative versus imaginative

Sequence 3: Patterns in words: Onset and rime

Sequence 4: Patterns in illustrations

Sequence 5: Patterns in nature

Sequence 6: Patterns in sentences: Part 1

Sequence 7: Patterns in sentences: Part 2

Sequence 8: Patterns in sentences: Part 3

Sequence 9: Patterns in language: Rhyming words

Sequence 10: Patterns in illustrations: Indigenous art – Part 1

Sequence 11: Patterns in illustrations: Indigenous art – Part 2

Sequence 12: Patterns in letters, words and sentences

Australian Curriculum: English Year Foundation

How cross-curriculum priorities relate to this unit

This unit of work includes links to the Cross Curriculum Priority of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, as it uses modern Aboriginal literature by Bronwyn Bancroft, who is from northern New South Wales, as a stepping stone to exploring the pattern making of Indigenous artists in other parts of Australia, past and present.

Australian Curriculum: English Year Level Foundation

How General Capabilities relate to this unit

This unit of work is focuses on the Literacy and Numeracy capability. Students are involved in listening to, reading and viewing a variety of print based and multimodal texts. They are involved in writing and creating print and visual texts. Students recognise and connect numerals, number names and quantities; following ascending and descending number patterns as they count in sequence from one to ten and backwards from ten to one; connecting days of the week to the events of a story and ordering the events in a story using everyday language of time and the seasons. Teachers have the opportunity to extend their students in the area of Numeracy in order to meet the needs of their class. For example, teachers may decide to challenge their students by introducing addition number sentences as a natural extension of counting in sequence from one to ten.

The Information and communication technology (ICT) capability is evident as teachers model the use of technology on the interactive whiteboard and as students view an online excerpt from a documentary about art making techniques in an Aboriginal community in the Northern Territory. Teachers wishing to incorporate more technology use could do so by having students use word processing programs to record their observations and write sentences, use digital versions of suggested texts or incorporate the use of apps that are suggested in the resources section of this unit. Critical and creative thinking is encouraged through the study of the visual and verbal techniques used and the choices made by the illustrators and authors of the suggested texts. Personal and social capabilities are encouraged through the group work suggested in a number of the sequences as students investigate a variety of children’s literature and record their observations to share with the class.  Intercultural understanding is encouraged from New South Wales, the Northern Territory and the students’ local area through the incorporation of Indigenous children’s literature and the study of Indigenous art making techniques as a vital element of this unit of work.

Curriculum summary for this unit:

Find summary tables for English and the three strands of Literature, Literacy and Language and sub-strands with links to elaborations in sequence content, plus links to the learning area of Mathematics.

Rich assessment tasks:

A summative assessment can be undertaken at the end of sequence 11 and there are suggestions for collecting further information for assessment in the Duration and pathways.